"How to name a child" has its own custom in different cultures around the world. Chinese people have always paid much attention to the "name", some of them express their aspiration, some of them express their commemoration, some of them express their wishes or the wishes of their parents... All this gave birth to the knowledge of "naming". Nowadays, there are many primary and secondary schools with the slogan "my name... "For students to write a composition, and named after the scientist" constellation ", named after the inventor "invention" and other good intentions, is to let people know the name behind the hidden story...... . The Muslim "naming" of children also reflects the characteristics of islamic culture.
In ancient Arabia, nomadic and illiterate, there was little attention to names. Since the revival of Islam, "naming" has become a major event in Muslim life.
The Koran says, "you shall call them by their father's name, and it is fairer in god's eyes." (33:5)
The holy father said, "in the last day, Allah calls your names and the names of your fathers. Therefore, you must have a beautiful name. If someone's name is bad, they should change it."
Abou houlel: the holy father said: "parents have three responsibilities to their children: 1. Second, teaching classics literacy; Marry and get married."
Imam ansari pointed out in his famous holy light that after the birth of a baby, parents should fulfill five obligations:
1, do not because of the boy and ecstasy, also do not because of the girl and sad, because a person does not know the boy is good or good girl. How many fathers of boys wish they had no child, or a girl? Moreover, girls are more peaceful and rewarding. In the account of ibn abbas, the holy father said, "whoever has two daughters, do him good, and let their father enter into paradise."
2. When the child is born, recite the proclamations in his ear. Begin your child's first words by saying, "there is no Lord but Allah." Circumcise the boy on the seventh day.
3, give the child a good name, this belongs to the rights and interests of the child. "Allah's favorite names are abdullah (servant of Allah) and abdo rahman (servant of the most merciful Lord)," the holy father said. There are hateful names that should be changed.
4. To thank Allah, slaughter two sheep when you get a man; Slaughter a sheep when you get a girl.
5. Give your child a date or candy. "I gave birth to abdullah bin zuber in kuba. Then I went to see him and put the child in his arms. He asked someone to take a date, chew it up and put it in the child's mouth. Then pray for the child and ask the Lord's blessing. Abdullah was the first born in the islamic era.
After Islam was introduced into China, Chinese muslims continued this tradition and custom. At the end of the yuan dynasty and the beginning of the Ming dynasty, the name of the sutra was named huihui, which refers to the Arabic name given by muslims to babies. It is one of the systems of islamic rites. In addition to giving the child a meaningful Chinese name, Chinese muslims also have to give the child an Arabic name, tracing the origin of huai zu, and using it to indicate their Muslim identity and use it in certain religious occasions.
According to islamic etiquette, giving a baby an auspicious name is a serious and solemn matter. The sutra name belongs to "sannathi" (holy walk), under normal circumstances, on the seventh day of the baby's birth, the imam or respected elders are asked to give the baby sutra name. Some are named after a baby within 3 days of its birth. Although the time before and after some differences, but regardless of the time, for the baby to get the name of the buddhist scripture most need to hold a specific naming ceremony, no later than the full moon. The ritual is: the person who is brought up by the family to clean the house, sits on a stool with the baby in his arms. The person who preside over the sutra should stand facing the heavenly chamber and place the baby on the left side. Then, say "nebank" and blow into your left ear. The "blowing" is very profound. First, it conveys the message of Islam, hoping to penetrate the light of "imani" into the body, and take the bright and right path of Islam through its light. The second is to let the baby subconsciously remember that Islam is the root of his or her life. Why "bank"? Because "bank" is a call to prayer; Nebbank is calling people to worship. Although the baby is born into a Muslim family, it is not guaranteed that he will be a real Muslim in the future, because "imani" cannot be inherited, but can only be made. Bank symbolically calls him from outside the gates of Islam to inside the gates of Islam, and then leads him to the sacred shrine of "the oneness of the Lord." Abou lafia said: "when fatumai gave birth to hassan, I saw the holy father say the words to his ears." "He that hath a child," said the prophet, "shall speak in his ear of the 'bank' (right ear), and in his left ear of the 'egama' (inner bank), and the mother of the child shall protect him."
The proclamations of the sutras indicate that after the birth of the baby, the hope is to summon him under the banner of Islam and make him a qualified Muslim. This custom, but also extended to the girls 9 years old, boys 12 years old out of the baby ceremony, especially when the boy out of the young, some places, also held a grand out of the baby ceremony. Since then, the boy is about to undertake corresponding religious obligation, fulfill religious lesson, begin his religious life, usually even put on a banquet to show celebration. When a girl is born, the ceremony is simple, but it is also celebrated within the family.
After saying "bank", everyone present should hold hands and do the dua (prayer). The prayer is as follows: "Lord! May you bless this little Muslim with a long and healthy life, peace and happiness, good character and strong faith, and become a true Muslim. May you bless the example of the world -- Mohammed, his family and his disciples." Then I asked the imam to choose a good name for it.
The ritual chapter of the tazhi hadji says, "there are three classes of noble names: the noblest such as abdallah (servant of Allah), abdo rahimi (servant of Lord tetmercy), etc. In the middle are the names of the prophets, such as muhammad, ahmed, etc. The other is the name that meets my character needs, such as Harris, huma, etc." Adults who convert to Islam must also ask the imam to give them a name. Therefore, Muslim families ask imam to give their baby an Arabic homonym after the baby is born, which is usually taken from the name of prophet (saint) and sage, in order to touch auspicious and hope that the child will grow up healthily. Common male names are Mohammed, ibrahim, yusuf, ali, hassan, and female names are ayesha, Fatima, and so on. In addition, there are some symbolic names of noble and beautiful things in Arabic texts, such as heliruddin (i.e. religious crescent), nurdin (i.e. religious light), sherif (noble), etc. Female names include salima (i.e. peace and tranquility), etc. In hui, dongxiang, Sarah and baoan areas in northwest China, their classics names are simplified according to the following changes, such as muhammad referred to as muhammad, abdullah referred to as abdu; Some of the same with the Chinese surname to distinguish, such as zhang ali, ma ali; Some add dialect "zi" to show affection, such as musa zi, er sa zi and so on.
According to sharia law, muslims are not allowed to use the name of muhammad with the title (messenger of god) as a baby's name. Imam has said, "you may use my name as the name of a child, but not my name." Also, you can't name yourself aib elsa. For the holy father had said, "elsa has no father." Therefore, the name is deemed "abomination" in the shariah. The law also stipulates that the unborn child should be named. "How do you get a name without knowing the sex of the baby?" omar bin abdul-aziz reportedly asked. "You should have a neutral name, such as hamzai, amer, telehan, ouzaibai," abdu rahman said.
Attention should be paid to the menstrual title: all participants should wear clean clothes (except for special circumstances); Parents should remember the names of good children, if forgotten, parents dereliction of duty, should be renewed; Parents learn to recognize and understand the historical figures of their children's names, so that they can re-educate their children when they grow up and build a model of learning for their children. According to sharia, parents should teach their child to recite the mantra from the first day he or she can speak. The above practices in the teaching law are judged as "jia yi's behavior."
At first glance, it is a traditional Muslim custom. In fact, it embodies the experience and wisdom of islamic culture in nurturing future generations. As is known to all, in Chinese history, the story of "meng mu's mother moved three times to choose her neighbor" wins universal praise. In the proverb, also has "near zhu you will be red, near ink you will be black" the famous saying, this all emphasizes the social, cultural, psychological, environmental impact on the growth of children. Whether it is to let children live with scholars, or to let children make good friends instead of bad friends, it is to create external conditions for children, play a cultural psychological atmosphere to play a subtle influence on personality and character. The most obvious meaning is that once the children come to "dhamma", they will immediately be under the influence of Islam. They will follow the teachings of the prophet (saint) in the Koran or the famous sage of Islam to guide their children's life growth. Naturally, to the prophet, sage as the name, they are the human history of the highest moral character, the most firm belief, the greatest contribution to the human society of the human model. Taking the meaning of their names is also a hope and a prayer that the child will become as virtuous and outstanding as the prophet and sage.
When a baby is old enough to understand the meaning of his or her name, it creates a psychological sense of identity. Because the name is a solemn ritual, when it was told himself, it can make the person produces the feeling of a kind of natural fate, can make with the children, by a at the subconscious level follow the sages, in order to gain a lifelong with his (her) life example, became his spiritual mentor.
Muslims are naming their children "prophets and sages," which in philosophical terms is called internalization of external causes and is a good way to maintain the survival and development of Islam. The French philosopher herve said: "even ordinary children, as long as the right education, will become extraordinary people. The Muslim model of giving children "economic names" is the best example of the characteristics of islamic culture.
The name of sutra, in fact, is in line with the principle of modern education of moral education, also made the islamic culture changed the ancient Arab bad habits, when the child was born, began to conduct moral education. Therefore, it is the unshirkable responsibility of parents to educate their children since childhood. Giving children sutra names also represents parents' hopes and wishes for their children, expressing their love for their children, yearning for beautiful things, as well as their awe and obedience to the great god.